What is Socrates on trial for in the apology?

What is Socrates on trial for in the apology?

Plato's The Apology is an account of the speech Socrates makes at the trial in which he is charged with not recognizing the gods recognized by the state, inventing new deities, and corrupting the youth of Athens.

Why did Socrates stand trial?

In 399 B.C.E., Socrates — the father of Greek philosophy — was put on trial for impiety and corrupting the youth of Athens. ... According to those accounts, Socrates supposedly could have escaped Athens after he was found guilty by an Athenian jury. Instead, he chose to stay on principle.

Why was Socrates being accused?

The trial of Socrates (399 BC) was held to determine the philosopher's guilt of two charges: asebeia (impiety) against the pantheon of Athens, and corruption of the youth of the city-state; the accusers cited two impious acts by Socrates: "failing to acknowledge the gods that the city acknowledges" and "introducing new ...

How does Socrates defend himself against the charges?

Socrates is charged with impiety. In Athens, this charge includes not believing in the Athenian gods, worshipping a false god or daimon, and corrupting the youth of Athens. Socrates defends himself by saying he was prophesied to be a wise man by the Oracle of Delphi.

What is Plato trying to accomplish by writing the apology?

In fact, Plato's motives in writing the Apology are likely to have been complex. One of them, no doubt, was to defend and praise Socrates by making use of many of the points Socrates himself had offered in his speech.

Who accused Socrates at his trial?

Meletus Meletus - the "Principal Accuser:" A poet named Meletus started the prosecution against Socrates. Most scholars, however, think he was acting on behalf of the best-known and most influential of the three accusers, Anytus. Meletus brought two related charges against Socrates.

Who was Socrates most famous student?

Plato His most famous student was Plato (l. c. 428/427-348/347 BCE) who would honor his name through the establishment of a school in Athens (Plato's Academy) and, more so, through the philosophical dialogues he wrote featuring Socrates as the central character.

What was the result of Socrates looking for wiser than himself?

In each case, Socrates affirmed that he would rather be as he is, knowing that he knows nothing, than to be inflated by a false sense of his own great wisdom. Thus, he concludes, he truly is wiser than other men because he does not think he knows what he does not know.

Is Socrates guilty in Apology?

Socrates' in dealing with moral law was not guilty of the crimes he was accused of by Meletus. Socrates was only guilty as charged because his peers had concluded him as such. ... Found in the Apology, another of Plato's Five Dialogues, Socrates aims to defend his principles to the five hundred and one person jury.

What does Socrates say to defend himself against the charges of Meletus quizlet?

How does Socrates defend himself from the old charges? Socrates always says he does not know something and then asks someone. ... Socrates concluded that non of the politicians are right. They are not wise.

Why is Plato's Apology important?

It offers what many scholars believe is a fairly reliable account of what the Athenian philosopher Socrates (4 BCE) said in court on the day that he was tried and condemned to death on charges of impiety and corrupting the youth.

What year did Plato write apology?

399 b.c.e. A dialogue set in the year 399 b.c.e.; although the exact date it was written is uncertain, some sources argue that it was written shortly after the year in which it is set.

What does Socrates say to defend himself against the charges of Meletus?

Socrates is charged with impiety. In Athens, this charge includes not believing in the Athenian gods, worshipping a false god or daimon, and corrupting the youth of Athens. Socrates defends himself by saying he was prophesied to be a wise man by the Oracle of Delphi.