What does certiorari mean in legal terms?

What does certiorari mean in legal terms?

to be more fully informed A type of writ, meant for rare use, by which an appellate court decides to review a case at its discretion. The word certiorari comes from Law Latin and means "to be more fully informed." A writ of certiorari orders a lower court to deliver its record in a case so that the higher court may review it.

What does writ of certiorari mean in court?

Writs of Certiorari The primary means to petition the court for review is to ask it to grant a writ of certiorari. This is a request that the Supreme Court order a lower court to send up the record of the case for review.

Is certiorari an appeal?

The special civil action for certiorari and appeal are two different remedies that are mutually exclusive; they are not alternative or successive. ... Basic is the rule that certiorari is not a substitute for the lapsed remedy of appeal.

What is the certiorari process?

In law, certiorari is a court process to seek judicial review of a decision of a lower court or government agency. Certiorari comes from the name of an English prerogative writ, issued by a superior court to direct that the record of the lower court be sent to the superior court for review.

What happens if a case is denied certiorari?

The denial of a Petition for Certiorari (aka Cert Petition) by the Supreme Court in a federal case means the decision of the Court of Appeals stands as the final decision. ... Constitutionally, those involved in the lawsuit are each entitled to one appeal, which is handled at the District Appeals Court level.

What happens when the Supreme Court denies certiorari?

The denial of a Petition for Certiorari (aka Cert Petition) by the Supreme Court in a federal case means the decision of the Court of Appeals stands as the final decision. This does not mean that the Supreme Court agrees or disagrees with the decision of the Court of Appeals, only that the case will not be reviewed.

Who can file a writ of certiorari?

United States Supreme Court A case cannot, as a matter of right, be appealed to the U.S. Supreme Court. As such, a party seeking to appeal to the Supreme Court from a lower court decision must file a writ of certiorari. In the Supreme Court, if four Justices agree to review the case, then the Court will hear the case.

How is a case granted certiorari?

United States Supreme Court In the Supreme Court, if four Justices agree to review the case, then the Court will hear the case. This is referred to as "granting certiorari," often abbreviated as "cert." If four Justices do not agree to review the case, the Court will not hear the case.

What is the Article 224?

Article 224A of the Constitution allows the Chief Justice of a High Court to appoint a person who has been a judge earlier to sit as a judge of the court with the previous consent of the President. ... The top court said that the Article would be invoked by a High Court Chief Justice only under certain conditions.

What happens to the case once the Supreme Court denies certiorari?

The denial of a petition for writ of certiorari does not have any effect on the case. The lower court's judgment still stands.

What is the purpose of writ mandamus?

The writ of mandamus is issued for keeping the public authorities within their jurisdiction while exercising public functions. The object of mandamus is the prevention of disorder emanating from failure of justice that is required to be granted in all cases where there is no specific remedy established in law.

Can mandamus be issued against private individuals?

Limitations. Writ of mandamus is basically a public law remedy of the common law system that, though can be rightfully applied for by any citizen whose rights have been violated by governmental or judicial bodies, is not sanctioned to be availed in cases of private wrongs.

What is the Article 222?

Article 222 of the Constitution makes provision for the transfer of a Judge (including Chief Justice) from one High Court to any other High Court. The initiation of the proposal for the transfer of a Judge should be made by the Chief Justice of India whose opinion in this regard is determinative.

What is the Article 216?

Every High Court shall consist of a Chief Justice and such other Judges as the President may from time to time deem it necessary to appoint.

What does it mean to deny certiorari?

In the Supreme Court, if four Justices agree to review the case, then the Court will hear the case. This is referred to as "granting certiorari," often abbreviated as "cert." If four Justices do not agree to review the case, the Court will not hear the case. This is defined as denying certiorari.